Arthritis Rheumatoid: Causes and Treatments

Living with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be challenging, but understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatments can make a significant difference in managing the condition.

In this comprehensive blog post, we will delve into the world of rheumatoid arthritis, starting from its definition and prevalence. Furthermore, we will discuss the underlying causes of rheumatoid arthritis, including genetic factors and environmental triggers.

Lastly, we will provide insights on living with rheumatoid arthritis and offer coping strategies to enhance your quality of life. So read on.

Understanding Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation, swelling, and stiffness in the joints. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues, leading to joint damage and pain.

Defining Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that leads to chronic joint inflammation. It primarily affects the synovial membrane, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints.

Not only limited to the joints, but rheumatoid arthritis can also impact other organs and systems in the body, including the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. You may develop firm swellings on your body, known as rheumatoid nodules.

The Prevalence of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis affects around 1% of the global population, with higher prevalence among women compared to men. It typically occurs between the ages of 30 and 60, and genetic factors play a role in its development. Environmental factors like smoking and certain infections may also contribute.

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling are common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. This autoimmune disease often affects multiple joints, including the hands, wrists, and feet. Other symptoms can include fatigue, fever, and loss of appetite. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to managing symptoms and slowing disease progression.

Joint Symptoms

Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling are common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. This autoimmune disease affects multiple joints, such as the hands, wrists, knees, and ankles. Morning stiffness lasting over an hour is typical, and symptoms can worsen with activity or after rest.

If joint symptoms persist, consulting a healthcare professional is crucial for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. It’s important to understand and recognize these joint symptoms to effectively manage rheumatoid arthritis.

Non-Joint Symptoms

Rheumatoid arthritis can manifest as more than just joint symptoms. Non-joint symptoms such as fatigue, fever, and weight loss can also occur. Additional non-joint symptoms may include dry eyes, dry mouth, and skin rashes.

These symptoms can vary in severity and may come and go. It is important to recognize and manage these non-joint symptoms as part of a comprehensive approach to treating rheumatoid arthritis.

Progression of Symptoms

As rheumatoid arthritis progresses, symptoms can gradually worsen over time. Initially, individuals may experience joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. As the disease advances, these symptoms can affect multiple joints and even lead to joint deformities.

It’s important to note that rheumatoid arthritis is not just limited to joint symptoms; it can also cause fatigue, tenderness, tiredness, fever, and loss of appetite. Regular monitoring and early treatment are essential in managing the progression of symptoms.

Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Genetic predisposition, environmental factors, autoimmune response, osteoarthritis, inactivity, osteoporosis, hormonal factors, and age and lifestyle factors are the main causes of rheumatoid arthritis. Certain genes can increase the risk of developing the condition, while exposure to triggers like smoking or infections may contribute to its onset.

Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by an autoimmune response, where the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues, particularly the joints. Hormonal fluctuations play a role, as women are at a higher risk to develop the disease. Age and certain lifestyle factors also increase the risk, such as obesity and sedentary behavior.

Genetic Factors

Genetic factors play a significant role in the development of rheumatoid arthritis. Certain genetic markers increase the risk of developing this condition, and a family history of the disease can also raise the likelihood of its occurrence. It is the combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors that can trigger the onset of rheumatoid arthritis.

Environmental Triggers

Environmental triggers can increase the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. These triggers include smoking, exposure to certain chemicals, and infections like Epstein-Barr virus or certain bacteria.

Lifestyle Factors

Smoking and obesity are lifestyle factors that increase the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Conversely, regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk. Stress and lack of sleep may also contribute to the development of the condition.

Moreover, certain occupations involving repetitive joint movements or exposure to toxins can increase the risk. Taking these lifestyle factors into consideration is crucial in understanding the prevention and management of rheumatoid arthritis.

Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis involves identifying the symptoms and signs of the condition through a physical examination. Doctors and rheumatology experts perform various diagnostic tests and procedures to confirm the diagnosis, such as blood tests to check for rheumatoid factor, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP).

Imaging techniques like X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) may be used to assess joint damage and inflammation. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in managing the disease and preventing joint damage. Rheumatologists play a crucial role in diagnosing and managing Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis

Arthritis Rheumatoid

Medication Options

Medication options for rheumatoid arthritis focus on reducing inflammation and managing symptoms. There are several common medications used, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and steroids.

Biologic DMARDs are newer medications that specifically target parts of the immune system to reduce inflammation. During flare-ups, corticosteroids may be used to quickly alleviate inflammation. The choice of medication depends on the severity of the disease and individual patient factors.

Role of Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy in London

Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in managing pain, improving joint mobility, and enhancing overall function in rheumatoid arthritis patients. It can help reduce inflammation and swelling associated with the disease. Physiotherapy exercises strengthen muscles and improve joint stability, while techniques like heat therapy and ultrasound provide pain relief.

Additionally, physiotherapists educate patients on proper posture, body mechanics, and joint protection techniques. By incorporating physiotherapy into their treatment plan, rheumatoid arthritis patients can experience improved quality of life and better control over their symptoms.

One Body LDN offers physiotherapy in London to relieve pain and discomfort in different parts of the body. They have a team of experienced physiotherapists who specialize in treating rheumatoid arthritis patients. With their expertise, they can create personalized treatment plans that address each patient’s unique needs and goals.

One of the key benefits of physiotherapy is its ability to reduce pain and discomfort. Through various techniques such as manual therapy, stretching exercises, and joint mobilization, physiotherapists can help alleviate joint stiffness and improve range of motion. This not only provides immediate relief but also contributes to long-term joint health.

Surgical Interventions

When other treatment options fail to provide sufficient relief, surgical interventions may be considered for rheumatoid arthritis. Joint replacement surgery is often effective in addressing severe joint damage caused by the condition. Another surgical procedure, synovectomy, involves removing inflamed synovial tissue to reduce pain and inflammation in affected joints.

Additionally, tendon repair surgery may be necessary to fix damaged tendons and improve joint function. It is crucial to have a discussion with a healthcare professional to understand the potential risks and benefits associated with surgical interventions.

Living with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Living with Rheumatoid Arthritis can be challenging, but understanding the causes and risk factors of this condition is essential. Common symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis include swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. Early diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment options, which may include disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and physiotherapy.

Making lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, staying physically active, and managing stress can also help manage the symptoms. Support resources and organizations provide valuable information and support for individuals living with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Coping Strategies

Developing a support system can provide emotional and practical assistance in managing daily challenges. Regular exercise and physiotherapy help reduce joint stiffness and improve mobility. Utilizing assistive devices, such as braces or splints, provides additional support and pain relief.

Learning stress management techniques, like deep breathing or meditation, reduces pain and inflammation. Following a balanced diet and getting enough rest supports overall health and symptom management.

Diet and Exercise

A healthy diet, consisting of fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids, can help reduce inflammation and manage symptoms associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Incorporating regular exercise, such as low-impact activities like swimming or yoga, can improve joint function and flexibility in individuals affected by this condition.

It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or nutritionist to create a personalized diet and exercise plan that caters to your specific needs and limitations. Balancing rest and physical activity is crucial for managing symptoms and preventing fatigue. Listen to your body and make necessary adjustments to accommodate changes in your condition.

Can Rheumatoid Arthritis be Prevented?

Reducing the risk of rheumatoid arthritis is possible through certain lifestyle changes. Maintaining a healthy weight and regular exercise can help prevent or manage the condition. Avoiding smoking and minimizing exposure to environmental toxins may also lower the risk. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in slowing down its progression.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the common causes of rheumatoid arthritis?

The causes of rheumatoid arthritis are not fully understood, but it is believed to be an autoimmune disease. Genetic factors and environmental triggers, such as smoking and infections, may contribute to its development. Hormonal changes also play a role, particularly in women.

How is rheumatoid arthritis different from other types of arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis stands apart from other types of arthritis due to its autoimmune nature. Unlike wear and tear or injury-related arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects joint linings, causing inflammation and damage. Additionally, it can impact multiple joints throughout the body. Treatment typically involves medication, physiotherapy, and lifestyle changes.

Where can I find physiotherapy near me?

To find physiotherapy near you, start by searching online directories or using search engines like Google. Local healthcare facilities such as hospitals or clinics may offer these services. Seek recommendations from your primary healthcare provider or friends and family who have undergone physiotherapy. Additionally, check with your health insurance provider for a list of covered physiotherapy providers in your area.

Where can I find sports massage near me

To find sports massage therapists near you, utilize online directories or mobile apps that specialize in local services. Websites like Yelp or Google Maps provide listings and reviews for therapists in your area. Recommendations from friends, family, or healthcare professionals experienced with sports massage are valuable. For sports massage in London, One Body LDN is a popular option that offers sports massage services. They have a team of skilled therapists who specialize in sports-related injuries and recovery.


In conclusion, rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the joints and can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. While the exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in managing the symptoms and preventing further joint damage. Treatment options include medications, physiotherapy, and in some cases, surgical interventions. It is also important for individuals with rheumatoid arthritis to develop coping strategies and make lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet and engaging in regular exercise.

While there is no known way to prevent rheumatoid arthritis, ongoing research is being conducted to better understand the disease and develop new treatment approaches.

If you are searching “private physio near me” / “Sports massage near me” / “Deep tissue massage near me” / “pain treatment near me”, have private health insurance physiotherapy cover and are looking for the best private healthcare in London – One Body LDN is your answer.

We are approved by ALL major private health insurance physiotherapy companies:

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Our approved physiotherapists are ready to take care of you!

Contact us today to learn more!


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