Arthritis in Fingers: A Comprehensive Guide

Arthritis is a painful condition that affects millions of people around the world. While it can affect any joint in the body, arthritis in fingers can be particularly debilitating as it affects our ability to perform even the most basic tasks. If you or someone you know is struggling with arthritis in fingers, this comprehensive guide will help you understand the condition better.

From defining what arthritis in fingers is and identifying who is at risk to exploring different types of arthritis that affect fingers – we’ve got you covered. So read on.

Understanding Arthritis in Fingers

Arthritis in fingers

Arthritis in fingers, characterized by joint inflammation, swelling, and stiffness, can significantly impact daily activities. Two common types of arthritis that affect the fingers are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It is most common in individuals over 40 years old.

The main type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which occurs due to wear and tear on the joints over time. Other types include rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Treatment options vary depending on the type and severity of arthritis, and may include medication, physiotherapy, or surgery.

Who is at Risk?

Certain factors increase the risk of developing arthritis in fingers. While it can affect anyone, older adults and women are more commonly affected. A family history of arthritis also raises the risk. Lifestyle factors like obesity and smoking may also contribute to the development of arthritis in fingers.

The Different Types of Arthritis that Affect Fingers

There are several different types of arthritis that can affect the fingers. One common type is osteoarthritis, which is a degenerative form of arthritis that affects the cartilage in the joints. Another type is rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system attacks the joints, causing inflammation and damage.

Psoriatic arthritis is another form that can occur in people with psoriasis, leading to joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. Gout is caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, resulting in pain and inflammation. Reactive arthritis occurs as a reaction to an infection in the body, causing joint pain, swelling, and stiffness.

Lupus can cause inflammation, pain, and stiffness not only in fingers but also in other joints throughout the body. For an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment for arthritis in fingers, it is crucial to seek guidance from a healthcare professional or a rheumatologist.

Symptoms of Arthritis in Fingers

Pain and stiffness in the fingers, knuckles, and in the base of your thumb, particularly in the morning or after periods of inactivity, are common symptoms of arthritis in fingers. Swelling and redness may also be present in the affected joints.

Individuals with this condition may experience difficulty in performing fine motor tasks such as writing or buttoning clothes. Nodules or bumps can form on the fingers, and over time, there may be deformity or changes in the appearance of the affected joints. These symptoms can significantly impact daily activities and require appropriate treatment options.

As arthritis in fingers progresses over time, it can result in painful joints and decreased mobility. Initially, individuals may experience stiffness, swelling, and warmth in the affected joints. As the condition worsens, joint deformities may develop, leading to a decline in grip strength.

How is Arthritis in Fingers Diagnosed?

Diagnosing arthritis in fingers involves a physical exam, medical history review, and possibly X-rays, MRIs, or blood tests. Joint aspiration may also be performed to check for inflammation and fluid buildup. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for managing symptoms and preventing joint damage.

Treating Arthritis in Fingers

Treating arthritis in fingers involves a range of options:

Non-Surgical Treatment Options

Non-surgical treatment options for arthritis in fingers include medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen, and ibuprofen, as well as steroid injections.

Physiotherapy can improve range of motion and strengthen the affected area. Lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding repetitive hand movements manage symptoms effectively. You may also need assistive devices, such as a brace to aid in motion and relieve pain. Arthritis patients should also avoid overuse of fingers.

Working with a healthcare provider or a hand therapist is crucial to developing an individualised treatment plan. By incorporating these non-surgical approaches, individuals can find relief from the swelling, stiffness, and discomfort associated with arthritis in fingers.

Understanding Surgical Interventions

Surgical interventions for arthritis in fingers are typically considered as a last resort. Procedures such as joint fusions, joint replacements, and tendon transfers are commonly performed to address the condition. Recovery times vary based on the extent of damage and the specific procedure.

While surgery may improve mobility and reduce pain for some patients, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare provider and weigh the risks and benefits before making a decision. It’s essential to consider the potential impact of surgical interventions on daily activities and range of motion.

Physiotherapy for Arthritis in Fingers

Physiotherapy in London

Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in the management of arthritis in fingers. It focuses on improving the range of motion, reducing pain, and strengthening the affected area.

One of the primary goals of physiotherapy is to improve joint function and reduce inflammation in the finger joints. A physiotherapist will work closely with you to develop an individualized treatment plan based on your specific needs. They may use hand exercises, manual therapy techniques, and modalities such as heat or cold therapy to alleviate symptoms and increase flexibility.

For physiotherapy in London, One Body LDN is a reputable clinic that offers specialized care for individuals with arthritis in fingers. Their team of experienced physiotherapists understands the unique challenges faced by patients with this condition and is dedicated to providing effective treatment options.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the common symptoms of arthritis in the fingers?

Common symptoms of arthritis in the fingers include pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints. Reduced range of motion and difficulty gripping objects are also signs. In some cases, visible deformities or nodules may develop on the affected joints. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and prevent further joint damage.

Where can I find physiotherapy near me?

To find physiotherapy near you, start by searching on Google Maps or online directories. Ask your primary care physician for recommendations or check if your insurance provider has a list of preferred providers. Don’t forget to read reviews and ratings before making an appointment.

Where can I find sports massage near me?

Looking for sports massage near your location? It’s important to note that this question is not relevant to the topic of arthritis in fingers. One Body LDN offers sports massage in London by highly trained therapists who specialise in sports massage. You can visit their website or give them a call to book an appointment.


To conclude, arthritis in fingers can cause pain, stiffness, and reduced function, making daily tasks challenging. It is important to understand the different types of arthritis that can affect the fingers and recognize the early warning signs. Diagnosis involves medical examinations and tests to determine the extent of the condition.

Treatment options include non-surgical approaches such as medication, physiotherapy, and lifestyle modifications. In some cases, surgical interventions may be necessary to alleviate symptoms and improve finger function.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of arthritis in your fingers, consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. Don’t let arthritis limit your quality of life – take action and seek the care you deserve.

If you are searching “private physiotherapists near me” / “Sports massage near me” / “Deep tissue massage near me” / “pain treatment near me”, have private health insurance physiotherapy cover and are looking for the best private healthcare in London – One Body LDN is your answer.

We are approved by ALL major private health insurance physiotherapy companies:

Axa PPP | Axa PPP International | Bupa Physiotherapist | Bupa International | Vitality (formerly Pru Health) | Vitality Health International | Nuffield Health | Aviva | Cigna | Cigna International | WPA | Aetna | Aetna International | Allianz | Allianz Worldwide Care | Allianz International | Axa Private Health Insurance | Healix | Healix Global | Health Shield | Simplyhealth | Paycare | BHSF | The PHC | Saga | The Exeter | Freedom Healthcare | Axa Corporate Health Insurance

Our approved physiotherapists are ready to take care of you!

Contact us today to learn more!


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