Understanding Low Back Pain Causes in Females

Are you experiencing lower back pain? Low back pain is a common condition that affects people of all ages and genders. However, women are more likely to experience it due to female-specific causes and conditions.

In this blog, we will discuss the various causes of low back pain in females. From medical disorders to organs that can cause lower back pain, we have listed them all. We will also talk about how hormonal changes and female-specific problems can lead to low back pain.

Lastly, we have included some home remedies that can help alleviate low back pain in females. So read on to understand the underlying causes of your lower back pain and learn ways to manage it effectively.

Low back pain causes in females

Low Back Pain Causes in Females

Low back pain in females can be caused by various factors, including hormonal changes during pregnancy, menstrual cycles, or menopause. Obesity, poor posture, and a sedentary lifestyle are also some of the common causes of lower back pain. Medical conditions like endometriosis, fibroids, and osteoporosis are also some common causes of back pain in females.

Conditions that mainly affect women

Lower back pain can be caused by various conditions that mainly affect women. For instance, endometriosis is a condition where the uterus lining grows outside of it and can lead to discomfort in the lower back.

Similarly, fibroids are non-cancerous growths in or around the uterus that can cause severe pain. While ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on the ovaries, leading to stiffness in the lower back. PCOS is another hormonal disorder that causes irregular periods and other health problems which may include low back discomfort.

Fibromyalgia and low back pain

Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition often affecting females. It is characterised by tender points, fatigue, and sleep disturbances. Low back pain along with stiffness & numbness are some of the symptoms caused by abnormal pain processing in the central nervous system. Physical therapy or medication can help treat fibromyalgia-related low back-pain, along with stress reduction techniques.

Piriformis syndrome and low back pain

Piriformis syndrome is a common condition that affects more women than men. It causes inflammation of the piriformis muscle located in the buttock region, leading to discomfort and sharp pain in the lower back and legs, making it difficult to sit for extended periods.

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction and low back pain

Low back pain in females can be caused by various conditions such as sacroiliac joint dysfunction. This condition affects the sacroiliac joint, which is responsible for connecting the sacrum to the pelvis. It leads to symptoms like discomfort in buttocks, stiffness, and difficulty standing up after sitting for long periods. Physical therapy and chiropractic care are some of the treatment options available for this condition. Pregnant women should take extra precautions to protect their backs.

Coccydynia and low back pain

Coccydynia is a prevalent cause of low back pain among women. Trauma or repetitive strain can lead to this condition, causing discomfort or sharp pain in the lower back and tailbone (coccyx) region. Physical therapy and medication are significant treatments for such conditions. In severe cases, surgery may also be an option. Seeking appropriate medical care for symptoms is crucial.

Osteoarthritis in the spine and low back pain

Low back pain can be caused by multiple factors like osteoarthritis, hormonal changes, or differences in bone structure. Women are prone to osteoarthritis due to these factors. Degeneration of the spinal cord as well as conditions affecting women like endometriosis and fibromyalgia can also cause lower back pain. To manage the symptoms effectively, consult with a healthcare professional for appropriate treatment options like medication, physical therapy or lifestyle changes.

Degenerative spondylolisthesis and low back pain

Degenerative spondylolisthesis is a condition that causes chronic low back and leg pain by compressing the spinal cord due to one vertebra slipping forward over another. This condition occurs due to age-related wear and tear on the spine, as well as hormonal changes in women. Treatment options for degenerative spondylolisthesis include physical therapy, medication, and surgery. Consulting a healthcare professional is necessary if you experience chronic low back pain or have difficulties with daily activities like bending or sitting due to lower back stiffness and numbness.

Medical disorders and low back pain

Low back pain in females can be caused by medical disorders that mainly affect them. Endometriosis, fibroids, and PID are among the conditions that increase the risk of developing low back pain. Hormonal changes during menstruation and pregnancy also contribute to this type of pain. Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis are also at risk of developing spinal fractures, leading to chronic lower back issues. Medical evaluations are crucial for determining the underlying causes of lower back problems in women.

Organs that cause lower back pain in women

Lower back pain is often caused by various organs related to females, such as the uterus and ovaries.

Dysmenorrhea and low back pain

Lower back pain in females can be caused by dysmenorrhea, that results from painful menstrual cramps due to the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes. It can also occur due to pregnancy, endometriosis, and ovarian cysts. Treatment methods include OTC medication for relief from the pain or inflammation caused by these conditions.

Kidney infections and low back pain

Symptoms of kidney infection include back or flank pain, fever, and nausea. These infections can cause lower back pain in women.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and low back pain

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can lead to stiffness and pain in the lower back, as it causes inflammation in the joints and muscles. It’s been observed that women are more likely to suffer from this than men.

Pancreatitis and low back pain

Inflammation of the pancreas can cause discomfort in the lower back area for women. This painful sensation can also affect other parts of the body including the abdomen or chest region. In addition to low back pain, symptoms such as nausea or vomiting are common with this condition.

Appendicitis and low back pain

Appendicitis is a condition where inflammation in the appendix may cause lower back pain in females, which can often be misdiagnosed as menstrual cramps or kidney stones. Common symptoms involve nausea, vomiting, fever, and loss of appetite. Appendicitis can lead to severe complications if left untreated.

Liver disorders and low back pain

The location of the liver in a woman’s body can lead to lower back discomfort and pain. Symptoms of liver-related low back pain may include fatigue, nausea, numbness, and a dull or sharp pain in the lower back region.

Remedies for low back pain in females

Physiotherapy in London

When it comes to finding relief from low back pain causes in females, there are several home remedies worth considering. Rather than relying on medication, it’s often recommended to start with simple lifestyle changes such as stretching and exercising regularly, applying heat or cold compression therapy to soothe stiffness or inflammation, and practicing good posture while sitting or standing.

Other effective strategies include using over-the-counter pain relievers as directed by a healthcare provider and avoiding long periods of bending or heavy lifting. Physiotherapy can also greatly alleviate your low back pain and improve your overall physical movement and posture.

One Body LDN offers physiotherapy in London, which is a safe and effective way to treat low back pain in females. Our experienced physiotherapists can design a personalized treatment plan to help manage your symptoms and address the root cause of your pain.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common causes of low back pain in females?

Low back pain in females can be caused by pregnancy, premenstrual syndrome, menstrual cycles, poor posture, lack of physical activity, obesity, endometriosis, fibroids, and osteoporosis. It is important to identify the underlying cause and seek appropriate treatment to alleviate the pain.

Are there any lifestyle changes that can help prevent low back pain?

Preventing low back pain can be achieved by maintaining a healthy weight to reduce strain on back muscles, exercising regularly with a focus on core and back muscle strength, practicing good posture while standing and sitting, and avoiding activities that involve heavy lifting or twisting motions that may increase the risk of low back pain.

How can exercise and physical therapy help alleviate low back pain?

Exercise and physical therapy can relieve low back pain by strengthening the muscles that support the spine. Manual therapy techniques can also help improve joint mobility and reduce pain. Consult with a healthcare professional before starting any program, and consider specific exercises that target the muscles contributing to your pain.

Where can I find physiotherapy near me?

There are several ways to locate nearby physiotherapy clinics. For physiotherapy in London, One Body LDN offers a range of services including personalised treatment plans for low back pain relief, arthritis, spasms, ankylosing spondylitis, sciatica, neck pain, and abdominal pain.

Where can I find sports massage near me?

To find sports massage services nearby, try searching online or asking for recommendations from friends and family. If you are looking for a sports massage in London, One Body LDN is a reputable clinic that offers sports massage and physiotherapy services. It’s important to do your research and choose a licensed and experienced therapist to ensure effective treatment and avoid any potential injuries.


While low back pain can result from a variety of causes, certain conditions and organs are more likely to affect women. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience persistent low back pain that interferes with your daily activities. However, there are also some home remedies that can help ease low back pain in females, such as gentle stretching, hot or cold compresses, and over-the-counter pain relievers.

If you’re looking for more information on how to manage low back pain caused by female-specific conditions or hormonal changes, read our comprehensive blog on the topic.

If you are searching “private physiotherapist near me” / “Sports massage near me” / “Deep tissue massage near me” / “pain treatment near me”, have private health insurance physiotherapy cover and are looking for the best private healthcare in London – One Body LDN is your answer.

We are approved by ALL major private health insurance physiotherapy companies:

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