Muscle Spasms in Lower Back Treatment Options

Lower back muscle spasms can be a debilitating condition that affects people of all ages. These painful spasms can occur suddenly and without a warning, making it difficult to move or perform daily tasks.

In this blog, we will help you understand the causes behind lower back muscle spasms and how to diagnose them. We will also explore various treatment options such as medications, physiotherapy, massage therapy, yoga, and stretching exercises, along with heat and cold therapy for pain relief.

So read on to have a better understanding of how to prevent and treat lower back muscle spasms so that you can live pain-free.

Understanding Muscle Spasms in Lower Back

muscle spasms in lower back treatment

To avoid and heal from muscle spasms in lower back, it is vital to understand their nature. These involuntary contractions of the lumbar muscles result from poor posture, injuries, or underlying health issues such as sciatica or arthritis. Rest, heat/cold therapy, stretching, and exercise with OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen might relieve discomfort while severe cases may require physiotherapy and muscle relaxants.

Causes of Muscle Spasms

Muscle spasms in the lower back can be due to various factors such as poor posture, overuse or strain, and certain medical conditions. Dehydration, vitamin deficiencies, and electrolyte imbalances can also contribute to muscle spasms. Some other causes of muscle spasms include herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and nerve damage. It is essential to identify the underlying cause to determine the most effective treatment plan.

How to Diagnose Muscle Spasms in Lower Back?

How to diagnose lower back spasms?

Diagnosing muscle spasms in the lower back may need imaging tests, a physical exam & blood work. Your doctor may ask you perform an x-ray and an MRI to help detect any underlying conditions. Blood tests may be conducted to check for various vitamin deficiencies or electrolyte imbalances that can contribute to muscle spasms. Your doctor may also recommend a physical exam to assess your range of motion and flexibility and diagnose any muscle imbalances.

Muscle Spasms in Lower Back: Treatment Options

remedy for back spasms

When it comes to treating lower back spasms or muscle spasms in the lower back region in general, there are several treatment options that healthcare professionals may suggest. Immediate relief can be found by resting the affected area and applying an ice pack to reduce inflammation.

Below are all the other ways you can treat muscle spasms in lower back:

1. Medications

Medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs and prescription muscle relaxants can provide relief from muscle spasms in the lower back. These medicines can help reduce pain and inflammation, while also relaxing the muscles and preventing spasms from occurring.

However, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before taking any medication for lower back pain. There cab be possible side effects and interactions. Some of the side effects of these medications include drowsiness, dizziness, and nausea.

2. Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is an effective way to ease discomfort caused by contractions in your back muscles. By improving flexibility and reducing pain, strengthening exercises along with low-impact ones can aid in healing ligament or tendons. Physiotherapy is one of the best ways to treat muscle spasms in the lower back as it helps prevent them from happening again.

A physiotherapist can help you develop a treatment plan that meets your unique needs while providing immediate relief in addition to consistency and patience. If you are looking for physiotherapy in London, One Body LDN is a highly recommended option that offers a range of services to help with muscle spasms in the lower back.

3. Massage Therapy

Massage therapy can offer immediate relief for back muscles affected by spasm and tightness. Alongside stretching and low-impact exercise, therapeutic massages can help to improve blood flow, promote healing, and reduce inflammation in the affected area. Consult a licensed massage therapist or physiotherapist to determine the best approaches for managing underlying causes such as sciatica or stenosis.

4. Yoga and Stretching

To effectively manage back muscle spasm and reduce discomfort caused by it without medication or surgery, you can opt for a number of non-invasive treatment options available, including yoga and stretching. These exercises help alleviate muscle spasms in the lower back by improving flexibility and reducing tension.

Child’s Pose and Downward Dog are some specific yoga poses that target muscles in the lower back. Hamstring Stretches and Hip Flexor Stretches have also been known to be helpful for low back pain. However, before starting any new exercise routine for lower back muscle spasms, consulting a healthcare professional is recommended.

5. Home Remedies

Immediate relief for discomfort caused by back muscle spasms can be achieved with home treatment. Over-the-counter pain medications such as Aleve, Advil, Tylenol, and other NSAIDs can effectively reduce inflammation and pain. You can also apply an ice pack or a heating pad on the affected area to increase blood flow while relieving tightness and stiffness.

Regular stretching exercises like hamstring stretches, hip flexor stretches, and yoga poses targeting the buttock muscles can also alleviate muscle spasms by reducing tension. It is essential to stay hydrated, maintain good posture, and practice proper nutrition to perform daily activities. Consult a physiotherapist or chiropractor for chronic pain due to poor sitting posture or lifting techniques.

Managing Underlying Conditions to Prevent Muscle Spasms in Lower Back

To prevent lower back muscle spasms from recurring, it’s essential to manage the underlying conditions that cause them. This includes strengthening your lower back muscles through exercise routines such as yoga and stretching, while maintaining good posture. Alternative treatments like massage therapy can also provide immediate relief from discomfort and stiffness.

It is also important to stay hydrated and manage your mental health by reducing stress levels in order to prevent muscle spasms. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional for further treatment options.

Sciatica and Muscle Spasms

Muscle spasms in the lower back are excruciating and can be caused by various conditions such as sciatica, arthritis or spinal stenosis. Sciatica is a common condition that causes muscle spasms in the lower back. It occurs when the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back down to the legs, becomes compressed or irritated. This can lead to sharp pain in the buttocks and legs, as well as muscle spasms and weakness in the affected area.

To alleviate muscle spasms caused by sciatica, gentle stretches that target the lower back, hamstrings, and hips can provide relief. Hot or cold compresses can also help to reduce inflammation and pain. In some cases, physiotherapy or chiropractic care may be recommended to address underlying issues

Arthritis and Muscle Spasms

Inflammation in the joints due to arthritis may cause muscle contractions in the lower back. Arthritis is a very common condition that affects many people worldwide. It is caused by the wearing down of cartilage in the joints, leading to stiffness, swelling, and pain. Muscle spasms are a common symptom of arthritis in the lower back.

Treatment for muscle spasms caused by arthritis includes maintaining an active lifestyle with low-impact exercise routines like swimming or walking, as well as taking anti-inflammatory medications prescribed by a healthcare professional. Stretching and massage therapy can also help to relieve muscle tension and reduce instances of muscle spasms.

Stenosis and Muscle Spasms

Muscle spasms in the lower back can also result from stenosis – a condition caused by the narrowing of the spinal canal, leading to pressure on the nerves and muscles. Stenosis can cause pain, stiffness, and muscle spasms in the lower back and legs. It is often caused by age-related changes in the spine, such as degenerative disc disease or osteoarthritis.

Treatment for muscle spasms caused by stenosis includes physiotherapy, stretching exercises that target the lower back and legs, and pain-relieving medication prescribed by a healthcare professional. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to relieve pressure on the affected nerves and muscles.

Spondylitis and Muscle Spasms

Inflammation of the spine due to spondylitis can trigger painful muscle contractions in your lower back. One way to find relief is by undergoing lifestyle changes that include regular stretching exercises that boost flexibility and reduce stiffness. Correct posture while sitting or lifting heavy objects can prevent further complications like sciatica or bowel/bladder dysfunction caused by numbness or tingling sensations. You can opt for anti-inflammatory meds like ibuprofen or naproxen for immediate relief from discomfort without any side effects. Seeking guidance from a chiropractor or physiotherapist may also help alleviate chronic pain.


Lower back muscle spasms can lead to discomfort and pain. The treatment options for lower back spasms consist of immediate relief remedies like stretching and using muscle relaxants or anti-inflammatory medications. Whereas the long-term solutions include physiotherapy, massage therapy, and even surgery in extreme cases.

Improving posture by being mindful while sitting or lifting heavy objects can also help prevent lower back spasms. Moreover, staying hydrated and managing stress levels also aids recovery, while lifestyle modifications like incorporating exercise help prevent future occurrences.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common causes of lower back muscle spasms?

Lower back muscle spasms can be caused by poor posture, overuse, strain, injury, nerve compression, arthritis, and underlying health conditions. Dehydration may also contribute. Treatment options include rest, stretching exercises, massage therapy, and pain medication depending on the severity of the condition.

What are some at-home remedies for relieving lower back muscle spasms?

To alleviate lower back muscle spasms at home, try applying heat or cold for 20-30 minutes, gentle stretching, or low-impact exercise. Over-the-counter pain relievers can help with pain and inflammation. Good posture and ergonomics can also prevent future spasms.

When should I seek medical attention for my lower back muscle spasms?

Lower back muscle spasms can be serious if accompanied by other symptoms like numbness or weakness. If they are persistent, seek medical attention. Those with underlying conditions should be cautious. A doctor may advise physiotherapy or medication depending on the severity and cause of the spasms.

Where can I find physiotherapy near me?

If you need physiotherapy, start by searching on Google Maps or Yelp for nearby clinics. Ask your doctor for a referral to a trusted physiotherapist or check with your health insurance provider for a list of preferred providers. One Body LDN is one of the best options for physiotherapy in London, with trained professionals who can help you manage and treat your lower back muscle spasms.

Where can I find sports massage near me?

To find sports massage near you, search online for local therapists or ask your doctor or physiotherapist for recommendations. If you have endured a sports related injury and are looking for sports massage in London, One Body LDN is a great place to start. They have experienced therapists who specialize in sports massage and can help alleviate muscle tension and pain caused by physical activity. With their expertise, you can get back to your active lifestyle as soon as possible.

If you are searching “private physio near me” / “Sports massage near me” / “Deep tissue massage near me” / “pain treatment near me”, have private health insurance physiotherapy cover and are looking for the best private healthcare in London – One Body LDN is your answer.

We are approved by ALL major private health insurance physiotherapy companies:

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Contact us today to learn more!


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