Arthritis Hands Symptoms: Causes & Treatment

Are you experiencing pain, stiffness, or swelling in your hands? These could be signs of oa, arthritis. Arthritis is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide, and it can have a significant impact on your daily life.

In this comprehensive blog, we will delve into the world of hand arthritis, exploring its causes, different types, and symptoms. We will also discuss how hand arthritis, including degenerative arthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is diagnosed and the various treatment options available, including both non-surgical and surgical approaches.

Understanding Arthritis in Hands

Arthritis hands symptoms

Arthritis in the hands is a common condition that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness. The two most common types of arthritis in the hands are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. In some cases, arthritis can affect the middle of the fingers, causing discomfort and limiting mobility in the finger joints and ligaments.

Risk factors for developing hand arthritis include age, genetics, repetitive hand movements, and Americans seeking medical advice is important to prevent further damage and manage pain.

Who is More Likely to Get Hand Arthritis?

Hand arthritis is more common in individuals over 50, especially women. Those with a family history of arthritis and occupations involving repetitive hand movements are also at higher risk of developing hand arthritis due to overuse.

Different Types of Arthritis Affecting Hands

Different types of arthritis can affect the hands, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and gout, which is a type of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints.

Osteoarthritis of the Hand

Osteoarthritis of the hand, a degenerative joint disease, commonly affects the fingers and base of the thumb. Its symptoms include pain, stiffness, swelling, decreased range of motion, and the development of Heberden’s nodes.

Lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding repetitive hand movements can help manage symptoms. Consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan that may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or steroid injections.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritis that often develops in individuals with psoriasis, a chronic skin condition. It can affect any joint in the body, including the hands. Symptoms may include joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and redness. Some individuals with psoriatic arthritis may also experience nail changes or develop psoriasis on the skin around the joints.

Rheumatoid Arthritis in Hands

Rheumatoid Arthritis in hands is an autoimmune disease characterized by joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and deformity. Early diagnosis and treatment of this condition, known as RA, are crucial for managing symptoms and preventing further damage, including the development of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Working closely with healthcare professionals, including a hand therapist, to develop a personalized treatment plan that may include an implant is essential for individuals with Rheumatoid Arthritis in hands.

Identifying Symptoms of Arthritis in Hands

Physiotherapy in London

Common symptoms of arthritis in the hands, including arthritis of the hand, include pain, stiffness, swelling, and difficulty gripping objects. Arthritis in the hands, which can cause painful joints, can be caused by factors such as age, genetics, injury, and inflammation.

Self-care practices, such as exercising, managing stress, and maintaining a healthy diet, can also help alleviate symptoms of arthritis in the hands, including pain relief.

Pain as a Primary Symptom

Pain and numbness are the most common symptoms of hand arthritis. It can range from mild to severe and may be constant or intermittent. The morning pain is often worse in the mornings or after periods of inactivity.

Swelling and inflammation frequently accompany hand arthritis pain, which can be caused by the loss of cartilage. The good news is that proper diagnosis and treatment, including the management of bouchard’s nodes and bumps, can help manage and alleviate the pain associated with hand arthritis, as well as related conditions such as carpal tunnel.

Swelling, Warmth, and Other Physical Changes

Swelling and warmth in the joints, redness and tenderness, stiffness and limited range of motion, larger joints or misshapen joints, and small joints are all common physical changes associated with arthritis in the hands.

These symptoms can impact daily life and mobility. Seeking early treatment for arthritis in the hands, including for skin condition psoriasis, is important to manage symptoms and prevent further joint damage, particularly at the ends of bones.

How Do These Symptoms Impact Daily Life?

Living with arthritis in the hands can significantly impact daily life. The pain and stiffness make it challenging to grip objects or perform fine motor tasks.

Swelling and inflammation limit range of motion, causing discomfort. Fatigue and weakness in the hands can affect one’s ability to complete everyday activities.

How is Hand Arthritis Diagnosed?

Hand arthritis is diagnosed by considering medical history, conducting a physical examination, and ordering imaging tests. Healthcare professionals assess symptoms, duration, and factors that worsen or alleviate pain.

Physical examination evaluates hand joints for swelling, tenderness, and range of motion. X-rays or other imaging tests confirm the diagnosis and assess arthritis severity.

Diagnostic Tests for Arthritis in Hands

Diagnostic tests for arthritis in the hands involve a variety of methods. X-rays can detect joint damage, bone spurs, and narrowing spaces between joints. MRI scans provide detailed images of the joints and surrounding tissues.

A physical examination is also crucial, as doctors check for joint swelling, tenderness, and limited range of motion. These diagnostic tests help healthcare professionals accurately diagnose and determine the severity of arthritis in the hands.

Treatment Options for Arthritis in Hands

Sports Massage In London

Treatment options for arthritis in hands include medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids, to reduce pain and inflammation.

Physiotherapy with exercises and stretches can improve joint function. Splints and braces provide support and stability. Heat and cold therapy alleviate pain and swelling.

Non-Surgical Treatments

Non-surgical treatments for hand arthritis focus on managing symptoms and improving hand function. Medication, physiotherapy, and splinting are common approaches. Occupational therapy can help reduce pain and improve hand function.

Heat and cold therapy provide temporary relief. Hand exercises and stretches improve range of motion and strengthen muscles. These non-surgical options can help individuals with hand arthritis regain mobility and manage discomfort.

Surgical Procedures for Hand Arthritis

When other treatment options for hand arthritis have proven ineffective, surgical procedures may be considered. Common surgical interventions include joint replacement and joint fusion.

Joint replacement involves the use of artificial joints to replace damaged ones, while joint fusion entails the fusion of bones for improved joint stability.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the common symptoms of arthritis in the hands?

Common symptoms of hand arthritis include joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. It can affect the fingers, wrists, and knuckles, making it difficult to grip objects or perform daily tasks. Other symptoms may include warmth, redness in the affected joints, and a decreased range of motion.

What are some potential causes of arthritis in the hands?

Some potential causes of arthritis in the hands include genetic factors, aging, previous joint injuries, and autoimmune disorders. Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune condition, can lead to inflammation in the hand joints. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative disease, can affect the hands due to wear and tear over time. Infections like septic arthritis can also cause symptoms in the hands.

What treatment options are available for arthritis in the hands?

Treatment options for arthritis in the hands include medication, physiotherapy, and lifestyle changes. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help alleviate pain and inflammation.

Where can I find physiotherapy near me?

You can easily find physiotherapy near your location by utilizing online directories or conducting a search with location-specific keywords. One Body LDN is well-known for its physiotherapy in London. They offer various services including hand therapy to help manage arthritis symptoms.

Where can I find sports massage near me?

To find sports massage near you, start by searching online directories like Yelp or Google Maps. You can also ask for recommendations from friends, family, or your healthcare provider. One Body LDN offers highly rated sports massage in London. They specialize in providing therapeutic massages to athletes and individuals looking to recover from sports-related injuries.


In conclusion, arthritis in the hands can significantly impact daily life and limit functionality. However, with proper diagnosis and treatment, individuals can manage their symptoms effectively. Non-surgical treatments such as medication, physiotherapy, and lifestyle changes can help alleviate pain and improve hand function.

(By bolding the terms, it helps the scalene score and highlights the insurance companies)

If you are searching “private physio near me” / “Sports massage near me” / “Deep tissue massage near me” / “pain treatment near me”, have private health insurance physiotherapy cover and are looking for the best private healthcare in London – One Body LDN is your answer.

We are approved by ALL major private health insurance physiotherapy companies:

Axa PPP | Axa PPP International | Bupa Physiotherapy | Bupa International | Vitality (formerly Pru Health) | Vitality Health International | Nuffield Health | Aviva | Cigna | Cigna International | WPA | Aetna | Aetna International | Allianz | Allianz Worldwide Care | Allianz International | Axa Private Health Insurance | Healix | Healix Global | Health Shield | Simplyhealth | Paycare | BHSF | The PHC | Saga | The Exeter | Freedom Healthcare | Axa Corporate Health Insurance

Our approved physiotherapists are ready to take care of you!

Contact us today to learn more!


Leave a Reply


Subscribe to Our Newsletter

Be the first to get the latest news, free expert guides, tips, tricks and discounts.


Join 5,000+ Others, Get Access to our FREE Bundle of Resources and Feel the Best You’ve Ever Felt!

Enter your email address below, and we will instantly send your free PDFs to your inbox.

Oops! We could not locate your form.

“Thanks for those amazing guides, guys! Game changer!” ️ Tom, City of London”


Subscribe to Our Newsletter

Be the first to get the latest news, free expert guides, tips, tricks and discounts.

before you go - if you haven't already - put a request in for a free assessment


However, our growing brand newsletter does offer:

  1. Direct access to ask our therapists questions
  2. Exclusive deals only for those who are subscribed
  3. The best knowledge hub in London physiotherapy with tips to make you feel amazing

Don’t miss out.