The Ultimate Guide to Swollen Knee Treatment: from London Physios – One Body

Are you experiencing pain, stiffness, or discomfort in your knee? Swollen knees are a common problem that can be caused by a variety of factors such as injury, arthritis, or overuse. If left untreated, it can lead to further complications and affect the quality of life. In this ultimate guide to swollen knee treatment, we will cover everything you need to know about swollen knees – from understanding what it is and its causes to home remedies and medical treatments available. We will also discuss ways to prevent swollen knees from occurring in the first place. At One Body LDN, we provide expert London physiotherapy services for swollen knee treatment that cater to individual needs and help regain mobility and function. Read on to learn more about how we can help you with your swollen knee.

Understanding Swollen Knee

Injuries, arthritis, and infections are some of the common causes of swollen knee. When the knee swells, it may restrict movement and cause pain. Individuals experiencing such symptoms should take immediate action and seek treatment. Swollen knee can be treated with physiotherapy in London, medication, ice therapy, resting, or surgery in severe cases. Consulting a London physiotherapist can help develop an effective treatment plan to reduce swelling and alleviate pain.

swollen knee treatment

Definition of Swollen Knee

A swollen knee is a common condition that occurs when excess fluid accumulates in or around the knee joint. This can happen due to a variety of factors, including injury and underlying medical conditions such as arthritis. Symptoms of a swollen knee may include pain, stiffness, and limited mobility. It is essential to seek medical attention if your swollen knee is accompanied by severe pain or other worrisome symptoms. Treatment options range from rest, ice therapy, and compression to physiotherapy and medication, depending on the severity of the swelling and the underlying cause.

Causes of Swollen Knee

Swollen knee can be caused by various factors, including injuries, arthritis, and infections. Knee injuries such as sprains or ligament tears can lead to swelling in the knee joint. Arthritis is also a common cause of swelling in the knee, with both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis contributing to joint inflammation. In addition, infections such as cellulitis or septic arthritis can cause inflammation and swelling in the knee. It is important to seek proper medical attention to identify the root cause of swollen knee for effective treatment.

Symptoms of Swollen Knee

Swelling in the knee can be caused by various factors, including injury, arthritis, and infection. Symptoms of a swollen knee may include pain, stiffness, and difficulty with movement. In some cases, you may also experience warmth or redness around the affected area. If you notice persistent swelling or your knee feels unstable or gives way, it is important to seek medical attention. With proper diagnosis and treatment options such as RICE therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, physiotherapy in London, and surgery if needed, you can manage the symptoms of a swollen knee effectively.

Home Remedies for Swollen Knee Treatment

Maintaining an active lifestyle is important to keep your knees healthy, but sometimes injuries or underlying conditions can lead to swelling and discomfort. Thankfully, there are several home remedies that can help alleviate symptoms and promote healing. Applying ice to the affected area can help reduce swelling and inflammation, while elevating the knee above heart level can also aid in reducing swelling. Additionally, wrapping the knee with a compression bandage and taking over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help alleviate pain and inflammation. Resting and avoiding putting pressure on the knee is crucial for allowing it to heal properly. Try these simple remedies at home before seeking medical attention for your swollen knee.


Taking a break from activities that cause pain and swelling is crucial in treating a swollen knee. Resting the affected knee is one of the most effective home remedies for reducing inflammation. To further aid in recovery, it’s recommended to elevate your knee above heart level to promote blood flow and drainage. Ice therapy is another simple yet effective remedy for reducing pain and swelling in the knee. Utilizing compression bandages or wraps can also provide additional support to the knee joint and help reduce swelling. By following these home remedies, you can reduce the discomfort associated with a swollen knee and aid in its recovery.

Applying Ice

When it comes to treating a swollen knee, one of the most effective remedies is applying ice. Ice therapy can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain in the affected area. It’s important to apply ice packs for 15-20 minutes at a time with breaks in between to prevent skin damage. You can use frozen vegetables or gel packs as an alternative to ice. However, it’s crucial to wrap the ice pack in a towel or cloth before applying it to the knee to avoid direct contact with the skin. For best results, apply ice therapy within the first 24-48 hours of injury.


One of the easiest home remedies for swollen knee treatment is compression therapy. This method involves wrapping an elastic bandage, compression sleeve, or knee brace around the affected area to exert pressure and reduce inflammation. Compression therapy works by increasing blood flow and promoting faster lymphatic drainage, which helps to remove excess fluid from the knee joint. However, it’s important to ensure that compression is not too tight as this can cause discomfort or restrict blood flow. If swelling persists or becomes severe, it’s important to seek medical attention.


Elevation is a simple yet effective home remedy for swollen knee treatment. By raising the affected knee above the level of your heart, you can encourage fluid to drain away from the knee and reduce swelling. It’s best to prop up your knee with pillows or cushions for at least 20 minutes several times a day. This method works well when combined with other home remedies such as ice therapy, compression, and gentle exercise. Remember that if your swelling persists or becomes severe, it’s important to seek medical attention.

Taking Anti-inflammatory Medication

Anti-inflammatory medication is a common treatment option for swollen knee relief. Ibuprofen and aspirin are popular choices as they work by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which contribute to inflammation and pain. However, it’s important to follow the recommended dosage and avoid taking these medications on an empty stomach to prevent stomach irritation. Additionally, it’s crucial to consult with a doctor before taking any medication, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking other medications. While anti-inflammatory medication can be helpful in reducing swelling and relieving pain, it’s essential to use them safely and under the guidance of a medical professional.

Doing Exercises

Incorporating exercises into your routine can help in reducing swelling and promoting overall knee health. Exercises like leg raises, wall squats, and knee bends are low-impact and can help improve mobility and flexibility. Additionally, activities such as swimming or cycling can also be beneficial for strengthening the knees without causing too much pressure on them. It is important to start with gentle exercises and gradually increase intensity as the knee heals. Consultation with a London physiotherapist or doctor before starting any exercise program is always recommended to ensure that you are following an appropriate treatment plan.

Massaging Knee

Gently massaging the knee is an effective way to reduce inflammation and ease pain. By using circular motions, blood flow to the area is increased, which promotes healing. It’s important to use a light touch during the massage and avoid putting too much pressure on the knee. Applying a warm compress before massaging can help relax the muscles and make the massage more effective. However, if your swollen knee is due to injury, it’s crucial to seek medical attention before attempting any home remedies.

Medical Treatment for Swollen Knee

When home remedies fail to provide relief, medical treatment may be necessary for the swollen knee. Seeking medical attention is crucial if the swelling is accompanied by severe pain or if there is an injury. The affected leg should be rested and elevated to reduce swelling, while ice therapy can help alleviate inflammation and pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers or prescribed medication can also provide much-needed relief. In addition, physiotherapy in London can aid in strengthening the muscles surrounding the knee and preventing future injuries. If necessary, surgery may also be considered as a last resort option.

swollen knee treatment


Physiotherapy is a highly effective treatment for swollen knees. By using a combination of manual therapy, exercise, and electrotherapy, London physiotherapists can reduce swelling and alleviate pain. The ultimate goal of physiotherapy is to improve the range of motion and strength in the affected knee while also reducing the risk of future injuries. A customized treatment plan will be created based on an individual’s specific needs and condition. Regular sessions with a London physiotherapist can help prevent future swelling and knee problems, making it an excellent long-term solution for anyone struggling with their knee health.

When to See a Doctor

If you experience a swollen knee, it’s essential to know when to seek medical attention. While some instances of swelling can be treated with home remedies, there are situations where you should consult a doctor. Swelling accompanied by severe pain or difficulty moving the knee may indicate a more serious issue that requires professional care. Additionally, other symptoms such as fever or redness around the affected area may also warrant a visit to the doctor. Remember, seeking medical attention promptly can help prevent further complications and ensure proper treatment.

Diagnosis and Testing

Diagnosis of a swollen knee involves a thorough physical examination, including assessing the range of motion and stability of the joint. Medical history review and imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI or arthroscopy may also be necessary to identify the underlying cause of the swelling. A prompt and accurate diagnosis is crucial for determining the most effective treatment plan tailored to the individual’s condition. Treatment options may include medication, physiotherapy in London or surgery, and early intervention can prevent future complications and improve overall outcomes.


Medication can play an important role in reducing inflammation and pain associated with a swollen knee. Over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen are often the first-line treatment for mild to moderate swelling. For more severe cases, prescription medications like corticosteroids may be recommended by a doctor. It’s important to adhere to prescribed dosages and avoid taking any medication without consulting a healthcare provider first. Medication should also be used in conjunction with other treatments such as rest, ice, compression, elevation, and London physiotherapy for best results.


When it comes to swollen knee treatment, surgery is typically considered a last resort. While it may be recommended in severe cases, there are other options that are often explored first. Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves making small incisions and using a camera to remove damaged tissue. Partial or total knee replacement may be necessary if the knee joint has been severely damaged, while synovectomy involves removing the membrane lining the joint to reduce inflammation and swelling. In general, surgery is only recommended if other treatments have not been effective or if the swelling is causing significant pain or mobility issues.

Preventing Swollen Knee

Maintaining healthy knees can be challenging, especially for those who frequently engage in physical activities or have pre-existing knee conditions. However, preventing swollen knees is possible with regular exercise and stretching. By maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding repetitive stress on the knees, individuals can significantly reduce the risk of knee swelling. Supportive braces and proper footwear can also provide much-needed protection during physical activities. Furthermore, being mindful of any underlying health conditions like arthritis or ligament injuries can help prevent knee swelling and promote overall knee health. Taking these preventive measures not only reduces the risk of swollen knees but also promotes a healthier lifestyle overall.

Get the Swollen Knee Treatment at London’s Best Physio Clinic – One Body LDN

Finding the right treatment for a swollen knee can be challenging, but with One Body LDN, relief is within reach. This leading physio clinic in London offers a variety of innovative treatments that are tailored to your specific needs and goals. Whether you’re recovering from an injury or dealing with a chronic condition, the expert practitioners at One Body LDN have the experience and skills necessary to help you get back on your feet. With state-of-the-art equipment and comprehensive care, there’s no better place to go for swollen knee treatment in London than One Body LDN.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common causes of knee swelling?

Knee swelling can be caused by injury, overuse, or underlying medical conditions. Common injuries that may lead to knee swelling include sprains, strains, and tears. Medical conditions like arthritis and gout can also contribute to knee swelling. Infections or fluid buildup in the knee joint are other possible causes.

If you experience persistent knee swelling, it’s important to see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

What are some non-surgical treatment options for a swollen knee?

Non-surgical treatment options for a swollen knee include rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Physiotherapy in London can also be helpful in strengthening the muscles around the knee joint and reducing swelling.

Anti-inflammatory medications may be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation. In some cases, corticosteroid injections might also be advised.

It is important to consult with a medical professional to determine the best course of treatment for your specific condition.

How can exercise and physiotherapy help with knee swelling?

Exercise and physiotherapy can help reduce knee swelling by strengthening the muscles around the knee joint, as well as improving flexibility through range of motion exercises. Physiotherapists may also use modalities such as ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and ice therapy to reduce inflammation.

However, it is important to seek professional medical advice before beginning any exercise or physiotherapy program for swollen knees, as certain exercises or treatments may aggravate the condition.

When should I seek medical attention for a swollen knee?

If you experience severe pain, fever, or difficulty bearing weight with a swollen knee, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Additionally, if the swelling persists for more than a few days, it is advisable to see a doctor.

If the swelling results from an injury or accident, it should be evaluated by a medical professional. It is also recommended that those with a history of knee problems or surgeries consult with a doctor regarding any knee-related concerns.

Where can I find physiotherapy near me for swollen knee treatment?

To find London physiotherapy near you for swollen knee treatment, you can start by searching online for “physiotherapy near me” for clinics in your area. Look for clinics that specialize in knee injuries or sports medicine. You can also ask for recommendations from friends, family, or your primary care physician.

Before booking an appointment, make sure to check the credentials and experience of the London physiotherapist to ensure they are qualified to treat your specific condition.

Where can I find sports massage near me for swollen knee treatment?

To find London sports massage options near you for swollen knee treatment, start by searching for “sports massage near me” for sports massage clinics in your local area. You can check online directories or apps like Yelp or Google Maps to find local options.

Additionally, asking for recommendations from friends, family, or healthcare professionals can help you find licensed and experienced practitioners who specialize in sports massage for knee injuries. Be sure to do your research and choose a practitioner who is qualified and experienced in treating your specific condition.

Where can I find deep tissue massage near me for swollen knee treatment?

To find deep tissue massage near you for swollen knee treatment, you can check with local physiotherapy clinics or sports medicine facilities and search online for “deep tissue massage near me”. Researching online for qualified massage therapists who specialize in treating knee injuries is also a good option. Asking for recommendations from friends, family, or healthcare professionals can also be helpful.

When choosing a massage therapist, make sure to communicate your specific needs and concerns related to your swollen knee before starting treatment. This will help ensure that you receive the most effective and safe treatment possible.

Will fluid in knee go away?

The answer to whether fluid in the knee will go away depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, such as a minor injury or overuse, the fluid may go away on its own with rest and self-care measures like applying ice and taking anti-inflammatory medications.


Swollen knee can be a debilitating condition that needs prompt attention. It’s essential to understand its causes, symptoms, and available treatment options. While home remedies such as resting, applying ice, compression, elevation, taking anti-inflammatory medication, doing exercises, and massaging the knee can help alleviate some of the symptoms, medical treatment should also be sought where necessary. At One Body LDN, our expert London physiotherapists offer tailored treatments to help you regain lower limb function quickly and efficiently. Book a consultation with us today to experience top-notch Swollen Knee Treatment from London’s Best Physio Clinic – One Body LDN.

If you are searching “private physio near me” / “Sports massage near me” / “Deep tissue massage near me” / “knee pain treatment near me”, have private health insurance physiotherapy cover and are looking for the best private healthcare in London – One Body LDN is your answer.

We are approved by ALL major private health insurance physiotherapy companies:

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  • Knee Pain: Discomfort felt in the area of the knee joint, patella, front of the knee which may be caused by a variety of conditions such as bursitis, a torn tendon, cyst or arthritis.
  • Knee Aspiration: Also known as ‘arthrocentesis,’ this is a medical procedure where synovial fluid is extracted from the knee joint for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
  • Swollen Knee or Knee Effusion: A condition often referred to as ‘water on the knee,’ characterized by excess fluid build-up in or around the knee joint.
  • Bursitis: An inflammation of the small fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion the outside of your knee joint. Bursitis often happens in knees that have been overused from repetitive motions.
  • Meniscus: A piece of cartilage providing a cushion between your thighbone (femur) and shinbone (tibia). A torn meniscus can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness.
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL): One of the four primary ligaments in the knee. An ACL injury is a common sports-related injury resulting from a sudden twisting motion.
  • Uric Acid: A chemical created when the body breaks down substances called purines. Excess levels of uric acid can form uric acid crystals in the joints, causing conditions like gout, which can lead to painful knee swelling.
  • NSAIDs and Steroids: These are anti-inflammatory pain medication drugs commonly used to reduce swelling and alleviate pain. They include medications like ibuprofen, naproxen, and corticosteroids.
  • Hamstring: The hamstring muscle group is located at the back of your thigh, extending to the back of your knee. Hamstring injuries can indirectly cause knee pain and swelling.
  • Blood Test and X-ray: Blood tests can help identify uric acid levels or detect other underlying medical conditions. X-rays can visualize bone and cartilage injuries, knee effusion, or any other structural knee problems.
  • Obesity: Excess weight places extra strain on your knee joints, contributing to the wear and tear of the knee cartilage, kneecap or leading to an underlying medical condition / obesity-related inflammation.
  • Treatment Steps: The first step in treating a swollen knee is to address the underlying cause or find the most common causes. This can involve medications, joint aspiration, physical therapy, and in severe cases, surgery. Ice, compression, and elevation can also help reduce swelling and improve circulation. Contact us today via phone or an email.


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